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Grow Light

Nitecore I4 vs. D4: Which One Is The Superior Charger

Nitecore I4 vs. D4, which model offers more values? In the case you want to know more about these battery chargers, you have come to the right place.

Generally speaking, compared to non-rechargeable batteries, rechargeable ones come at higher prices but they allow people to save more money in the long run. Because of that, more and more people switch from non-rechargeable batteries to rechargeable ones. However, to put rechargeable batteries to good use, it’s essential to own quality chargers. Nowadays, Nitecore I4 and Nitecore D4 tend to be seen as the best chargers available for purchase on the market. Needless to say, Nitecore I4 vs. D4 is the subject of numerous debates and discussions. 

So you truly like both chargers made by Nitecore but only intend to buy one? If that is the case, this article is for you.  Down below, you would be introduced to virtually everything you must keep in mind regarding Nitecore I4 and Nitecore D4. Take a look at the following details to decide which model suits you the most. 

Specifications Of The Nitecore Chargers

Nitecore I4

  • Input: 100~240V (AC) and 9~12V (DC) 
  • Output: 1500mA x 1, 750mA x 2, 500mA x 2 and 375mA x 4
  • Compatible: Li-ion/IMR/LiFePO4, flat-topped and Ni-MH(NiCd) batteries
  • Dimensions: 140 x 94.8 x 37 Millimeters 
  • Weight: 202 Grams 

Nitecore D4

  • Input: 100~240V (AC) and 12V (DC)
  • Output: 750mA x 2 and 375mA x 4
  • Compatible: Li-ion/IMR/LiFePO4 and Ni-MH(NiCd) batteries
  • Dimensions: 143 x 99 x 36 Millimeters 
  • Weight: 239 Grams 

In-Depth Amylases Of Performance

Nitecore I4

  • A Relatively Fast Charging Time 

Packing a maximum output of 1500mA, Nitecore I4 is able to fully charge batteries in a blink of an eye. In addition, if one of the batteries reaches full charge, I4 would divert current from the slot that contains the charged battery to other slots. Because of that, as successive batteries become fully charged, the maximum output continues to be allocated to remaining cells which further accelerate the charging process. That is undoubtedly beneficial to people that need to have charged batteries in a hurry.

  • Customizable Voltages For Charging Slots 

You want to recharge to a mix of batteries that happen to feature different voltages? Then Nitecore I4 could help you. The charger of Nitecore lets users set desired charging voltages for individual slots independently. As a result, it’s going to be a breeze for you to charge different batteries with different voltages simultaneously. By giving the right charging voltages to the right batteries, Nitecore I4 should help you extend the overall lifespan of the batteries effectively and efficiently. 

  • Capable Of Revving Depleted Batteries 

Upon complete depletion, IMR batteries often refuse to take charges which makes them essentially useless. Fortunately, if you have Nitecore I4, it’s possible to revive such batteries using the recovery function of the charger. All you have to do is to press then hold the C and V button of I4 to initiate the revival of the depleted batteries. In most of the cases, your IMR batteries would come back to life soon afterward and save you some bucks. Of course, to be on the safe side, it’s wide advised that you avoid depleting your IMR batteries completely.  

  • Optimal Charges For Delicate Batteries 

Generally speaking, shoddy chargers tend to overcharge the batteries and cause a variety of issues. As Nitecore I4 offer optimized charging processes for batteries, you have nothing to worry about. In fact, I4 possesses a unique timeout feature that stops the charging current after 20 hours. That means if a battery fails to reach full charge once 20 hours pass, the Nitecore charger shall terminate the flow of current to that battery. That feature is a major plus as it prevents catastrophic failures of batteries, especially if you unknowingly use low-quality ones. 

  • Much-Needed Reverse Polarity Notification  

A lot of chargers on the market nowadays don’t tell the user if the batteries have been inserted incorrectly. Needless to say, it’s absolutely frustrating to check up on your batteries after hours only to see them remain undercharged due to reserve polarity. Nitecore understands that frustration so I4 incorporates a polarity test that could instantly detect improper insertion and send out a warning through the LED lights. So if you catch the LED light blinking after loading the batteries into Nitecore I4, glance over the polarity again. 

Nitecore D4

  • Fairly Large Crystalline LCD Display 

All in all, the first thing that catches the attention of users of Nitecore D4 is its wonderful LCD display. Through that display, you should be able to read key details of batteries in the chargers such as voltage, current and charging time without trouble. The nature of the batteries would be presented as well. As the display of D4 only shows details of a single battery at a time, you must press the yellow button located on the side to cycle through the batteries. The outstanding LCD display is why many people choose D4 over I4 once it comes to Nitecore I4 vs. D4.    

  • Support Lots Of Charging Modes

Thanks to the integration of a modern microprocessor, Nitecore D4 is capable of identifying various types of batteries and select suitable charging modes by itself. For your information, the charger of Nitecore boasts three charging modes for today’s batteries:  CC, VC and dV/dT. 

  • High-Quality, Flame-Resistant Components 

Using top-of-the-line manufacturing techniques and premium fire-retardant materials, Nitecore D4 is extremely safe for daily use. Because of the built-in temperature monitoring system, the Nitecore charger addresses the issues of overheat well in most cases. Moreover, the design of D4 guarantees optimal heat dissipation which means the charger could get warm but it never feels hot in your hands. 

  • Pure Copper, Spring-Loaded Plates 

So as to ensure secure connections during recharges, Nitecore gives D4 spring-loaded contact plates made out of pure copper. Because of that, the Nitecore model is able to deliver straightforward, no-nonsense experiences to the users without much difficulty. 

  • Suited For Indoor And Travel

Nitecore D4 is highly adaptable: you would have an easy time setting it up in practically whatever place you want. The model of Nitecore accepts 100-240Vac as well as 12Vdc so feel free to use it as you see fit. 

Verdict: Your Money, Your Call

Due to differences in personal tastes, there is no such thing as a unanimous opinion regarding Nitecore I4 vs. D4. Therefore, you have to take your own preferences into account.

In the case you own lots of rechargeable batteries and need a potent charger that could charge them up quickly, Nitecore I4 is for you. On the other hand, if you desire a robust charger that keeps you informed of the charging processes, you should definitely pick up Nitecore D4.      

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Grow Light

How to choose farmyard light for Meyer Lemons Gardens

How to choose farmyard light for Meyer Lemons Gardens? It could help you improve how well your Lemons will produce fruit. Take a look.

To begin with, what are Meyer Lemons?

A Meyer lemon is what you get when you crossbreed citrus and lemons.

These types of plants are also known as hybrids. And hybrids are generally preferred because they have the potential of doing better than both parents; that means they can offer productivity.

Meyer lemons were first noted in china until when they were eventually passed down to America through “Frank Meyer” who had this fruit named after him. This fruit was first sighted in 1975 at the University of California. And has been further improved on ever since.

They differ in appearance and are considered to be rounder than regular lemons and smaller size. In addition to this, the fruit is known to have a characteristic bright orange color.  They really can’t be mistaken with regular lemons or oranges.

The taste is another distinguishing feature of this citrus as they are very sweet. Unlike regular lemons, they can be added to desserts, the smell also adds flavors when added to a dessert recipe. The fragrance tends to that of herbs or spice.

They are not available all year round like regular citrus; they are seasonal. With their growth cycle being between December and May.

The tree usually grows to about 6 – 10 feet, if planted in the right location. Also, the tree could pollinate itself under the right conditions. Taking of these trees is quite simple and if you stick to the basics, you should get the desired results. It’s possible to grow this hybrid species in gardens, pots or other.

controlled environments that you may not have heard of.

Basics of growing Meyer lemons in gardens:

When you decide to plant fruits and vegetables in a garden, it means that you have made the care of such plants your duty rather than leave nature to run its course. It also means you’ve decided to put in an extra effort.

The growing of this citrus hybrid includes taking note of some of the following:

  • Meyer Lemons require a minimum of six hours of adequate sunlight, regardless of if it is being grown in a garden, pot or wherever. As long as you find a good spot for it with an uninterrupted amount of sunlight, then there would be no issue.
  • According to research, growing them with seeds might not be the best option and may require a lot of personal effort. It is however best to grow them with healthy trees grafts from hardy stock. Doing this should guarantee a better result.
  • The soil should also not be too loamy. It should be well-drained and able to hold just enough water for the nourishment of this plant. Too small or too much wouldn’t be okay for the plant.
  • Fertilization application is also quite important. It’s important to get a fertilizer that is rich in nitrogen. When the leaves turn yellow, it signifies that the plant is in dire need of nitrogen. It would be best they are supplied these nutrients within April and September.
  • Growing larger lemons would require adequate pruning. It is best to prune them before the development of

Lighting effects in growing Meyer Lemons

Ever since the discovery of lights, it has been used in different aspects of our lives; even in our day to day activities. These lights now come in different colors and shades. When considering all the applications of lighting, agriculture is not left out as well.

As you probably already know farm lighting is a concept in agriculture that has been around for quite a while.  Let’s take a step further to see how this lighting is being applied to agriculture, especially to Meyer Lemons.

  • Yard lights: The purpose of this light is to illuminate your farm or garden all night long when natural sunlight would be unavailable. They are positioned along very long streets/pathways. Wherever you may decide to install this in your gardens or farmland, these types of lights are usually high-pressure or low-pressure sodium lights. They have been around since the early 1900s. The high-pressure sodium light can keep on for have long as 12 hours or more. So, therefore, look for a long pathway in your lemon garden and get one installed there.

Whichever type of sodium light you choose should be energy-saving and contribute to your garden security. It is also safe to say that whatever type of light you would be choosing depends on how large your garden is. Examples of these are:

LEONLITE 75W LED Barn Lights – it has the best Dusk to Dawn Yard Lighting Kit.

  • Light source: LED
  • Power: 75W
  • Lumen: 800
  • Duration: dusk to dawn
  • Waterproof

This light works on the principle of photocells. Due to this, it turns on and off automatically. This outdoor lamp kit comes along with an extension arm, a mounting bracket that can be used to mount I on the wall or fence depending on your preferred location.

Pros:

  • very bright
  • easy to install
  • comes with a mounting kit
  • lower energy consumption
  • turns on and off automatically

Cons

  • On some instances, the photocells may not be sensitive
  • The lamp brackets might break-off.

URPOWER Solar Yard Lights with Motion Sensor:

  • Light source: LED
  • Power: 0.49W
  • Solar Power: Yes
  • Built-in battery: Lithium-ion charging time is 6 – 8 hours
  • Waterproof

This lamp is solar-powered and this means it has a built-in battery system that recharges itself. it is also LED-powered and mostly along pathways or at backyard fence. The best part about it is that you don’t need to have any wire connections but just simply mount it.

It can also detect motion. As soon as it detects motion; it comes on, meaning that it will save energy if you’re not at that part of the farm.

Also, keep it in mind that it is waterproof

Pros

  • It comes with motion sensors
  • Easy installation
  • It is quite cheat
  • Motion sensitive switches.

Cons

  • it has to be cleaned regularly
  • some LED lights might get faulty and need to be replaced
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Grow Light

CTEK vs Battery Tender – Which, When & Why to Use?

CTEK Battery Chargers vs Battery Tender – would you expand the life of your battery through a licensed de-sulphation work or choose to change from full charge to skim charging mode to keep up your battery?

Self-discharge is a phenomenon in batteries where inward concoction responses lessen the putaway charge of the battery with no association between the anodes or any outer circuit. Self-discharge diminishes the time span of the usability of batteries and makes them at first have not exactly a full charge when really put to utilize. Regarding battery chargers, we will be discussing two of the most popular car battery chargers, the CTEK vs Battery Tender.

How quick self-discharge in a battery happens is subject to the sort of battery, condition of charge, charging current, the surrounding temperature, and different components. Essential batteries aren’t intended for reviving among assembling and use, in this way have battery science that must have a much lower self-discharge rate than more established kinds of Secondary cells, however, they have lost that preferred position with the advancement of battery-powered Secondary Cells with exceptionally low self-discharge rates like Low Self Discharge Nickel Magnesium Hydrate cells.

Self-discharge is a concoction response, similarly as shut-circuit discharge seems to be, and will, in general, happen all the more rapidly at higher temperatures. Putting away batteries at lower temperatures along these lines decreases the pace of self-discharge and jam the underlying energy put away in the battery. Self-discharge is additionally thought to be diminished as a passivation layer creates on the terminals after some time.

Highlights and Advantages of CTEK

CTEK Battery Chargers can expand the life of your battery through a licensed desulphation work. Keeping sulphation in a lead corrosive battery under control can expand the life of your battery as much as 3x its typical life. The interesting reconditioning steps will enable your battery to recuperate rapidly and last more. Making it an extraordinary charger to keep your pontoons, autos, jet skis, bikes, snowmobiles, and trucks energized and all set when you are all set. These charges won’t just recondition a battery however they can even restore a dead battery now and again.

CTEK Smarter Chargers will likewise appropriately keep up your battery through a progression of pre-customized steps found in the charging calculation of every single CTEK Battery Charger. The one of a kind charging process utilized in these chargers will always screen your battery to comprehend the present condition and afterward act likewise.

Highlights of a Battery Tender

Maybe it’s nothing unexpected to you that the organization named “Battery Tender” offers a standout amongst other battery chargers available. The organization has a wide scope of contributions, yet the Battery Tender Plus is our best by and large pick. This is a 1.25A battery charger that is intended to completely charge a battery and keep up it at legitimate stockpiling voltage without the harming impacts frequently found with stream chargers.

Included with the Battery Tender Plus is a brisk associate shackle, alongside ring terminals and dog cuts. The voltage line length estimates 6 feet, while the DC cable is 4.5-feet long.

What makes the Battery Tender Plus the perfect battery delicate is that it consequently changes from full charge to skim charging mode to keep up your battery. The organization additionally incorporates a noteworthy 10-year guarantee.

What are the types of Battery Chargers?

Basic Charger

A basic charger works by providing a steady DC or beats DC power source to a battery being charged. A basic charger normally doesn’t change its yield dependent on charging time or the charge on the battery. This basicness implies that a basic charger is cheap, yet there are exchange offs.

Frankly speaking, a basic operating charger takes more time to charge a battery since it is set to utilize a lower charging rate to reduce any chances of unknown damage. All things being equal, numerous batteries left on a basic charger for a really long time will be debilitated or crushed due to over-charging. These chargers likewise fluctuate in that they can supply either a steady voltage or a consistent current, to the battery. Basic AC-controlled battery chargers, for the most part, have a lot higher wave current and wave voltage than different sorts of battery chargers since they are cheaply structured and manufactured.

By and large, when the alternating current is inside a battery’s maker suggested level, the wave voltage will likewise be well inside the prescribed level. The most extreme wave current for an average 12 V 100 Ah VRLA lead-corrosive battery is 5 amps. For whatever length of time that the wave-current isn’t exorbitant, especially more than 3 or more times the battery producer prescribed level, the normal existence of a wave charged VRLA battery will be inside 3% of the life of a steady DC-charged battery.

Smart Chargers

A smart battery is commonly characterized as one containing a type of electronic gadget or “chip” that can speak with a savvy charger about battery attributes and conditions. A shrewd battery, by and large, requires a smart charger and a shrewd charger is characterized as a charger that can react to the state of a battery, and adjust its charging activities in like manner.

Some smart chargers are intended to charge:

  • “smart” batteries.
  • “dumb” batteries, which come up short on any inside electronic hardware.

The yield current of a smart charger relies on the battery’s state. An intelligent charger may screen the battery’s voltage, temperature or time under charge to decide the ideal charge current and to end charging.

Pulsating Chargers

A few chargers use beat innovation in which a progression of voltage or current pulses is nourished to the battery. The DC beats have a carefully controlled ascent time, beat width, beat reiteration rate (recurrence) and abundancy. This innovation is said to work with any size, voltage, limit or science of batteries, including car and valve-managed batteries. With heartbeat charging, high momentary voltages can be applied without overheating the battery. In a Lead–corrosive battery, this separates lead-sulfate precious stones, hence enormously broadening the battery administration life.

A few chargers use pulses to check the present battery state when the charger is first associated, at that point utilize consistent current charging during quick charging, at that point use beat charging as a sort of stream charging to keep up the charge.

Conclusion

Keeping your vehicle’s battery healthy is critical. In addition to the fact that it saves you cash over the long haul from not having to rashly supplant your battery, you won’t need to manage the burden of your battery startlingly kicking the bucket. From the start, battery tenders may have all the earmarks of being a similar thing as a battery charger, however, they fill an alternate need.

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Grow Light

Farm lighting Energy Efficiency Checklist and Tips

In this article, you’ll learn more about Farm lighting energy efficiency checklist and tips. The information can help you improve farm productivity by a good margin.

Power and lumens required for Yard lights:

Illuminating farm buildings and structures with yard light are not so much of a bad idea; in fact, it’s a great idea. Yard lights provide illuminative security to driveways just as much. Using the right kings of light entails finding the best lamp efficiency. 

To check the efficiency, the basis of what you need to be on the look-out for would be the “lumen” being generated and the power used.  

Power is calculated in watts ( i.e energy), lumen, on the other hand, calculates its intensity.

  • POWER:  using light outdoors means you have to put some things into consideration. You wouldn’t want your light to be too bright or be too dim. That is why you need to be able to calculate what power (or energy), would create what lumen (or intensity).

The too-small intensity and too great an energy would defeat the use of the light either way.

You want your lights to be bright and scare off burglars and human pests on your farm, that’s good. But you still need to be conscious of your electricity consumption rate, so its best to opt for low consumer bulbs with the higher lumen.

  • LUMENS: the intensity of every bulb varies one to another. Lumen measures the degree of how lights are given off (Brightness).  A hundred watt would give-off a range of 1500-1700 lumens. Even at this other types of bulbs differ one to another. Fluorescents, LED and solar all have their intensity at different degrees.

Knowing the Power and Lumens Needed for Outdoor lighting:

Lamp efficiency is important because this, in turn, determines what kind of lamp you need to pick before you have them installed. Lamp efficiency is the ratio of lumens generated to electric watt used.  

To calculate the lumen and energy consumption of a lamp:

  • Know the size of your yard 
  • Multiply the brightness of  your yard one-foot difference from the origin/source
  • Correct multiplication of what above gives you the number of lumens
  • Once you obtain the number of lumens, getting your watts is pretty simple.

Some simple tips that might get how much lamps you need:

  • A number of obstacles: 

The more there are, the more shadows you’d have, the size of these obstacles determines how large the lamps you’ll need and the number determines how much you’ll need. Quite basic 

  • Light distribution:  

What direction is your light facing; exits, pathways, driveways beside a wall? All of this should be taken into consideration.

  • Shadows in the background: 

How dark is the area that needs light? The direction of the sun on it and all

Recommended Power and Lumen for yards:

 Mid-range wattages lamps are best for small yards. The consumption rate of this lamp is quite sufficient, not to so much and not so little, it has a range of about 40 – 80 watts.  Good for broad locations, you can have them fixed on a wall or a post. You should not hang them adjacent to your window. Even at that rate, they might create discomfort for your eyes.

Low wattages bulb consume lesser in terms of electricity, which makes them the best choice for doorways, outdoor sitting areas, or accenting flowerbeds, they do not consume more than 40 watts. 

Once you’ve calculated your yard per square footage and you can calculate the lumen per yard. It becomes easier knowing the bulb you’ll need with regards to calculating your energy consumption.

  • Select Long-Lasting Garden Flood Lamps:

Both solar and electric lamps have their functions in illuminating your environments. Lights in your garden a sense of night beauty just as much as it helps in giving security.  Apart from security, it guides your footsteps; it helps to prevent accidents too. 

  • Electric Garden Lightings:  

Electric lightings require much space in between wiring maintenance, which is unlike the solar lightings. They can go on for years, without needing maintenance. Because they cannot be affected by cloudy or rainy days, they work just fine in all weather situations. 

Even though they but have their pros, the weather condition of your region matters, it could be a determining factor of whether to stick to electric or you could alternate between the two. 

  • Solar Garden Lightings:

Recent solar installations could be a one-man Job, very easily done. Once installed you don’t have to pay monthly for electricity charge.  Perhaps a downside to it is that you need to replace the batteries at least in 2 years. A disadvantage is that they might not function well on rainy or cloudy days.

  Lighting control using the Dusk to Dawn Approach:

In recent times this is one of the best improvements made to garden lighting. The Dusk to Dawn improvement should be fascinating enough for you. 

How Dawn to Dusk light works:

When you hear Dusk to Dawn, think “photo-sensor cells” these cells are emitted along with sunlight, and in the absence of sunlight they lit up, while in the presence of sunlight, they switch off. It would make sense to have such lamps outside your house and let them carry out why they were designed.  As long as they do not detect sunlight they light up, even on very cloudy days. These lamps are a good way to save electricity consumption.

The usefulness of dawn to dusk light:

  • It lights up your garden:  gives you a night view worthy of showing off your ornamental plants.
  • For security reasons:  it helps to ward off burglars and intruders and all kinds of pests including nocturnal insects. Some lights have motion detectors inbuilt in them.
  1. Energy and money are saved: this light on and off automatically, so there’s no excuse for forgetting to turn any light off, leading to the increased tariff in electricity bills.
  2. Control factor:  These lights can be increased or reduced to the intensity that best soothes you. 
  3. Uninterruptible light Supply:  they function with sunlight, which means you can have light as much as you need all night long. No more burnt fuse.
  4. Useful to plants:  in situations where there are shorter days than nights and plants need addition sunlight to grow better, especially when you use grow lights.

Conclusion: As of now, you should be able to decide on what type of light is needed where, how to calculate your light intensity and energy consumed. 

You should also be able to say the advantage of using electric wiring lights and solar-powered lamps.